RNASEL E265X - GET-Evidence

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RNASEL E265X

(RNASEL Glu265Stop)


You are viewing an old version of this page that was saved on November 13, 2012 at 11:44am by Madeleine Ball.

Short summary

 

Variant evidence
Computational -
Functional -
Case/Control -
Familial -
 
Clinical importance
Severity -
Treatability -
Penetrance -
 

Impact

Insufficiently evaluated pathogenic

(The "insufficiently evaluated" qualifier is assigned automatically based on the above evidence and importance scores.)

Inheritance pattern

unknown

Summary of published research, and additional commentary

 

Allele frequency

  • A @ chr1:182555149: 0.3% (31/10758) in EVS
  • Frequency shown in summary reports: 0.3% (31/10758)

Publications
 

Edited in this revision:

Carpten J, Nupponen N, Isaacs S, Sood R, Robbins C, Xu J, Faruque M, Moses T, Ewing C, Gillanders E, Hu P, Bujnovszky P, Makalowska I, Baffoe-Bonnie A, Faith D, Smith J, Stephan D, Wiley K, Brownstein M, Gildea D, Kelly B, Jenkins R, Hostetter G, Matikainen M, Schleutker J, Klinger K, Connors T, Xiang Y, Wang Z, De Marzo A, Papadopoulos N, Kallioniemi OP, Burk R, Meyers D, Grönberg H, Meltzer P, Silverman R, Bailey-Wilson J, Walsh P, Isaacs W, Trent J. Germline mutations in the ribonuclease L gene in families showing linkage with HPC1. Nat Genet. 2002 Feb;30(2):181-4. Epub 2002 Jan 22. PubMed PMID: 11799394.

This report implicates variants in RNASEL, including this variant, in causing hereditary prostate cancer type I. The study describes combining data from 91 families to perform linkage analysis — results implicated several prostate susceptibility loci, including this one. (No statistical significance is given, the authors write it “suggests HPC1 maps to [this region]”.)

This variant was seen in one of 26 families, 8 of which were selected on the basis of apparent linkage and shared haplotypes in this region. The variant segregates with disease in the four brothers studied, but this is expected as the family was selected for sequencing on the basis of shared haplotypes.

Unaffected white males, unrelated CEPH samples (HapMap), and US population controls had this variant heterozygously in 3 individuals out of 330 (3 out of 660 alleles). They also studied 258 sporadic (non-hereditary) prostate cancer cases and found the variant heterozygously in two individuals. This seems to contradict a pathogenic hypothesis; the authors comment “as yet we cannot identify a difference in allele frequency between affected individuals and controls.”

Functional analysis of the variant found that cell lines carrying this variant heterozygously have half the RNAse L enzyme activity compared to wild-type cells.

Maier C, Haeusler J, Herkommer K, Vesovic Z, Hoegel J, Vogel W, Paiss T. Mutation screening and association study of RNASEL as a prostate cancer susceptibility gene. Br J Cancer. 2005 Mar 28;92(6):1159-64. PubMed PMID: 15714208; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2361943.

 

Genomes
 

Other external references
 

    Web search results (116 hits -- see all)
  • A Novel Founder Mutation in the RNASEL Gene, 471delAAAG, Is ...
    A Novel Founder Mutation in the RNASEL Gene, 471delAAAG, Is Associated with Prostate Cancer in Ashkenazi Jews ... One of the RNASEL mutations, E265X, was also associated with ...
    www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC378554
  • Germline Alterations of the RNASEL Gene, a Candidate HPC1 ...
    The RNASEL gene (2′,5′-oligoisoadenylate-synthetase dependent) ... The E265X variant has been proven to cause a dramatic decrease in the enzymatic activity of RNASEL (Dong and ...
    www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC447604/?tool=pubmed
  • Germline Alterations of the RNASEL Gene, a Candidate HPC1 ...
    The RNASEL gene (2 ,5 -oligoisoadenylate-synthetase dependent) encodes a ribonuclease ... Truncating Mutation E265X and Missense Variant R462Q of the RNASEL ...
    sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=MImg&...&ie=/sdarticle.pdf
  • British Journal of Cancer - Mutation screening and ...
    Mutation screening and association study of RNASEL as a prostate cancer susceptibility gene ... could be explained by RNASEL mutations like E265X, although presently ...
    www.nature.com/bjc/journal/v92/n6/full/6602401a.html
  • doi:10.1086/342775
    HPC1/RNASEL was recently identified as a candidate gene for hereditary ... One of the RNASEL mutations, E265X, was also. associated with hereditary prostate cancer ...
    sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=MImg&...&ie=/sdarticle.pdf
  • RNASEL - SNPedia
    The ribonuclease L (RNase L; RNASEL) gene encodes a key enzyme in the interferon induced ... an rs# in dbSNP, known as E265X, associated with an 11 year earlier ...
    www.snpedia.com/index.php?title=RNASEL
  • RNASEL
    Mutations in RNASEL segregate with the disease in prostate. cancer families and specific ... Cells from carriers of M1I and E265X showed half the normal ...
    www.birc.au.dk/~wiuf/journalWiuf/PLoS/PLoSOne3.pdf
  • PLoS ONE: Germline Mutation in RNASEL Predicts Increased Risk ...
    PLoS ONE: an inclusive, peer-reviewed, open-access resource from the PUBLIC LIBRARY OF ... The mutations of I97L and E265X are positioned in the ankyrin repeat three and seven, ...
    plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0002492
  • Genetics of Prostate Cancer - National Cancer Institute
    Expert-reviewed information summary about the genetics of prostate cancer, including ... case-control studies that contained data on the RNASEL variants E265X, R462Q and D541E. ...
    cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/genetics/prostate/.../page3
  • British Journal of Cancer - Abstract of article: Mutation ...
    RNASEL, encoding the 2',5'-oligoadenylate-dependant RNase L, seems to have rare ... conspicuous RNASEL variants with prostate cancer: the nonsense mutation E265X, and a ...
    www.nature.com/bjc/journal/v92/n6/abs/6602401a.html

Other in silico analyses
 

  • NBLOSUM100 score = 10
  • GET-Evidence autoscore = 5

Edit history
 

Gene search

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