TGM1 V518M - GET-Evidence

Curation:
Currentness:

TGM1 V518M

(TGM1 Val518Met)


Short summary

Probably a non-pathogenic polymorphism. It was initially thought to be involved in autosomal recessive congenital ichthyosis, but later authors found the variant in numerous healthy controls.

Variant evidence
Computational -
Functional -
Case/Control 4

Allele frequency relatively common in controls

Familial 2

Does not segregate with disease

 
Clinical importance
Severity -
Treatability -
Penetrance -
 

Impact

Low clinical importance, Likely benign

(The "low clinical importance, likely" qualifier is assigned automatically based on the above evidence and importance scores.)

Inheritance pattern

undefined

Summary of published research, and additional commentary

 

Allele frequency

  • T @ chr14:24724663: 1.1% (122/10756) in EVS
  • T @ chr14:23794502: 1.6% (2/128) in GET-Evidence
  • Frequency shown in summary reports: 1.1% (122/10756)

Publications
 

Herman ML, Farasat S, Steinbach PJ, Wei MH, Toure O, Fleckman P, Blake P, Bale SJ, Toro JR. Transglutaminase-1 gene mutations in autosomal recessive congenital ichthyosis: summary of mutations (including 23 novel) and modeling of TGase-1. Hum Mutat. 2009 Apr;30(4):537-47. Review. PubMed PMID: 19241467.

These authors examine various reports of the variant and conclude it is likely a non-pathogenic polymorphism, noting numerous findings in controls and lack of segregation in some affected families.

Genomes
 

hu44DCFF - CGI sample GS01669-DNA_C07 from PGP sample 74521372
het T @ chr14:24724663

 

GS19669 - var-GS19669-1100-36-ASM
het T @ chr14:23794503

 

Other external references
 

    dbSNP
  • rs35312232
    www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/projects/SNP/snp_ref.cgi
    GeneTests
  • GeneTests records for the TGM1 gene
    Autosomal Recessive Congenital Ichthyosis
    TGM1-Related Autosomal Recessive Congenital Ichthyosis
    www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/GeneTests/lab/gene/TGM1
    PolyPhen-2
  • Score: 0.634 (possibly damaging)
    Web search results (9 hits -- see all)
  • Genotype/Phenotype Correlation in Autosomal Recessive ...
    tients not linked to the TGM1 gene, the second region. identiļ¬ed on ... Remarkably, mutation V518M re- sides much more distal in the TGM1 gene than any other ...
    sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=MImg&...&ie=/sdarticle.pdf
  • Journal of Investigative Dermatology - Transglutaminase 1 ...
    We have analyzed the TGM1 locus in six unrelated Italian families ... In the TGM1 gene of two LI families, we found three mis-sense mutations (V518M, E520G, and S272P) and the ...
    www.nature.com/jid/journal/v116/n5/full/5601073a.html
  • Histochemie / Immunhistochemische Charakterisierung von ...
    Neue Punktmutationen auf TGM1 Gen wurden bei drei Patienten mit drastisch ... (V518M, E520G, S272P) und die bereits. bekannte "splice site" Mutation auf TGM1 Gen ...
    deposit.ddb.de/...&dok_ext=pdf&filename=969273029.pdf
  • Structural changes in epidermal scale and appendages as ...
    Structural changes in epidermal scale and appendages as indicators of defective TGM1 activity. - Robert H Rice, Debra Crumrine, Yoshikazu Uchida, Robert Gruber, Peter ...
    www.curehunter.com/public/pubmed16133457.do
  • Structural changes in epidermal scale and appendages as ...
    Defective transglutaminase 1 (TGM1) is a causative factor in some cases of lamellar ... the consequences of the V518M mutation in TGM1, about which conflicting reports have ...
    www.medscape.com/medline/abstract/16133457?prt=true
  • Rice, RH (Robert H)
    A distal region of the human TGM1 promoter is required ... of TGM1 deficiency in vivo and (c) helps characterize the consequences of the V518M mutation in TGM1, about ...
    lib.bioinfo.pl/auid:10568
  • OMIM: 190195
    MOLECULAR GENETICS Mutations in the TGM1 gene were found as the cause of autosomal ... met (V518M) mutation in the TGM1 gene. . 0019 ICHTHYOSIS, LAMELLAR, 1 TGM1, SER160CYS In ...
    www.genome.jp/htbin/www_bget?omim+190195
  • Transglutaminase 1 deficiency and corneocyte collapse: an ...
    BioInfoBank Library :: Transglutaminase 1 deficiency and corneocyte collapse: an indication for targeted molecular screening in autosomal recessive congenital ...
    lib.bioinfo.pl/pmid:17635512

Other in silico analyses
 

  • NBLOSUM100 score = 0
  • GET-Evidence autoscore = 5

Edit history
 

Gene search

"GENE" or "GENE A123C":

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